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Hua X, Yang Q, Zhang W, Dong Z, Yu S, Schwarz S, Liu S. Antibacterial Activity and Mechanism of Action of Aspidinol Against Multi-Drug-Resistant Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus. Front Pharmacol. 2018 Jun 13;9:619

发布日期:2018-07-05 15:18  浏览次数:

Antibacterial Activity and Mechanism of Action of Aspidinol Against Multi-Drug-Resistant Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus.
Hua X, Yang Q, Zhang W, Dong Z, Yu S, Schwarz S, Liu S.
Front Pharmacol. 2018 Jun 13;9:619. doi: 10.3389/fphar.2018.00619. eCollection 2018.

Abstract
This study aimed at investigating the antibacterial activity of aspidinol, an extract from Dryopteris fragrans (L.) Schott, against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). MRSA isolates were treated with aspidinol to determine the differential expression of genes and associated pathways following the drug treatment. Aspidinol displayed significant anti-MRSA activity, both in vivo (minimum inhibitory concentration = 2 μg/mL) and in vitro, and achieved an antibacterial effect comparable to that of vancomycin. In the lethal septicemic mouse study, a dose of 50 mg/kg of either aspidinol or vancomycin provided significant protection from mortality. In the non-lethal septicemic mouse study, aspidinol and vancomycin produced a significant reduction in mean bacterial load in murine organs, including the spleen, lung, and liver. After treatment with aspidinol, we found through RNA-seq and RT-PCR experiments that the inhibition of the formation of ribosomes was the primary S. aureus cell-killing mechanism, and the inhibition of amino acid synthesis and the reduction of virulence factors might play a secondary role.

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