Yu M , Xing L , Chang F , Bao Y , Wang S , He X , Wang J , Wang S , Liu Y , Farooque M , Pan Q , Wang Y , Gao L , Qi X , Hussain A , Li K , Liu C , Zhang Y , Cui H , Wang X , Gao Y .
Vet Microbiol. 2019 Jan;228:32-38. doi: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2018.11.009. Epub 2018 Nov 16.
Avian metapneumovirus (aMPV), which has been reported in many countries, causes an acute upper respiratory tract disease in chickens and turkeys. Although aMPV was first detected in China in 1999, there has been no further effort to isolate and characterize the aMPV subtype B (aMPV/B) from field outbreaks. In the present study, we used Vero cells to culture a viral strain, LN16, isolated from chickens with swollen head syndrome. The results of RT-PCR, indirect immunofluorescent antibody, and G gene sequence analyses confirmed that strain LN16 corresponds to aMPV/B. We amplified and sequenced the complete genome of strain LN16 and found it to be 13,513 nucleotides in length. Nine viral protein genes of the strain were between 93.2% and 98.4% identical to those of the pathogenic field isolate VCO3/60616. However, insertions and deletions were detected in the intergenic regions. Animal experiments showed that 72.7% of chickens infected with strain LN16 had excess mucus, nasal discharge, and inflammation in the lungs and turbinate. In addition, 27.2% of chickens infected with LN16 shed progeny virions. Viral tissue distribution analysis showed that aMPV could be detected in the turbinate and occasionally in immune organs. This is the first report of the isolation of aMPV/B in China and the first complete genome sequence of aMPV/B from chicken. These findings enrich the epidemiological data on aMPV and may contribute to the development of effective measures to prevent its further spread in China.
Avian metapneumovirus subtype B; Pathogenicity; Swollen head syndrome; Virus isolation