Yujie Wang , Haili Zhang , Lei Na , Cheng Du , Zhenyu Zhang , Yong-Hui Zheng , Xiaojun Wang
J Biol Chem. 2019 Aug 23. pii: jbc.RA119.008450. doi: 10.1074/jbc.RA119.008450
The nuclear export receptor CRM1 is an important regulator involved in the shuttling of various cellular and viral RNAs between the nucleus and the cytoplasm. HIV-1 Rev interacts with CRM1 in the late phase of HIV-1 replication to promote nuclear export of unspliced and single spliced HIV-1 transcripts. However, other cellular factors involved in the CRM1-dependent viral RNA nuclear export remain largely unknown. Here, we demonstrate that ANP32A and ANP32B mediate the export of unspliced or partially spliced viral mRNA via interactions with Rev and CRM1. We found that a double, but not single, knockout of ANP32A and ANP32B significantly decreased the expression of gag protein. Reconstitution of either ANP32A or ANP32B restored the viral production equally. Disruption of both ANP32A and ANP32B expression led to a dramatic accumulation of unspliced viral mRNA in the nucleus. We further identified that ANP32A and ANP32B interact with both Rev and CRM1 to promote RNA transport. Our data strongly suggest that ANP32A and ANP32B play an important role in the Rev-CRM1 pathway, which is essential for HIV-1 replication, and our findings provide a candidate therapeutic target for host defense against retroviral infection.
Published under license by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.
human immunodeficiency virus (HIV); nucleoside/nucleotide transport; protein-protein interaction; viral protein; viral replication