Yunze Guo, Jakobus M. Pretorius, Qingyuan Xu, Donglai Wu, Zhigao Bu, Jacques Theron & Encheng Sun
Arch Virol. 2020 Mar 6. doi: 10.1007/s00705-020-04583-w. [Epub ahead of print]
Epizootic hemorrhagic disease virus (EHDV) is a member of the genus Orbivirus, family Reoviridae, and has a genome consisting of 10 linear double-stranded (ds) RNA segments. The current reverse genetics system (RGS) for engineering the EHDV genome relies on the use of in vitro-synthesized capped viral RNA transcripts. To obtain more-efficient and simpler RGSs for EHDV, we developed an entirely DNA (plasmid or PCR amplicon)-based RGS for viral rescue. This RGS enabled the rescue of infectious EHDV from BSR-T7 cells following co-transfection with seven helper viral protein expression plasmids and 10 cDNA rescue plasmids or PCR amplicons representing the EHDV genome. Furthermore, we optimized the DNA-based systems and confirmed that some of the helper expression plasmids were not essential for the recovery of infectious EHDV. Thus, DNA-based RGSs may offer a more efficient method of recombinant virus recovery and accelerate the study of the biological characteristics of EHDV and the development of novel vaccines.