by Fang Xie 1,†,Yanan Zan 1,†,Xinyuan Zhang ,Huihui Zhang ,Mingjie Jin ,Wanjiang Zhang ,Yueling Zhang and Siguo Liu ,*
Int J Mol Sci. 2020 Mar 9;21(5). pii: E1871. doi: 10.3390/ijms21051871.
Mammalian cathelicidins act as the potent microbicidal molecules for controlling bacterial infection, and are considered promising alternatives to traditional antibiotics. Their ability to modulate host immune responses, as well as their bactericidal activities, is essential for therapeutic interventions. In this study, we compared the bactericidal activities, antibiofilm activities and immune-modulatory properties of cathelicidins BMAP-27, BMAP-34, mCRAMP, and LL-37, and evaluated the therapeutic efficacy of the combination of BMAP-27 and LL-37 using a mouse pulmonary infection model. Our results showed that all of the four cathelicidins effectively killed bacteria via rapid induction of membrane permeabilization, and BMAP-27 exhibited the most excellent bactericidal activity against diverse bacterial pathogens. BMAP-27, mCRAMP, and LL-37 effectively inhibited biofilm formation, while BMAP-34, mCRAMP and LL-37 exerted immunomodulatory functions with varying degrees of efficacy by stimulating the chemotaxis of neutrophils, inducing the production of reactive oxygen species, and facilitating the formation of neutrophil extracellular traps. Of note, the combination of BMAP-27 and LL-37 effectively enhanced the clearance of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and reduced the organ injury in vivo. Together, these findings highlight that identifying the appropriate synergistic combination of mammalian cathelicidins with different beneficial properties may be an effective strategy against bacterial infection.
Pseudomonas aeruginosa; antibiofilm; antimicrobial peptide; bactericidal activity; cathelicidins; chemotaxis; extracellular traps; immunomodulation; neutrophils