Muhammad Farooque , Xinyi Li , Altaf Hussain , Ahad Fayyaz , Yuanling Bao , Lixiao Xing , Mengmeng Yu , Fangfang Chang , Suyan Wang , Peng Liu , Yuntong Chen , Qing Pan , Xiaole Qi , Li Gao , Kai Li , Changjun Liu , Yanping Zhang , Hongyu Cui , Xiaomei Wang , Yulong Gao
Infect Genet Evol. 2020 Jun 16;85:104425. doi: 10.1016/j.meegid.2020.104425. Online ahead of print. PMID: 32561296
Since subgroup J avian leukosis virus (ALV-J) was first isolated in the United Kingdom in 1988, it has seriously hindered the development of the poultry industry worldwide. Although cases of ALV-J infection have been reported as early as 2001 in Pakistan, there was no further research on the isolation and molecular characteristics of ALVs. In the present study, we first isolated two ALVs from suspicious clinical samples that were collected from a desi chicken farm in Pakistan. The results of multiplex PCR and indirect immunofluorescent antibody assays confirmed that the two isolates (PK19FA01 and PK19SA01) belonged to ALV-J. The complete genomes of the two isolates were amplified, sequenced, and systematically analyzed. We found that gp85 of PK19FA01 was more similar to that of the prototype strain HPRS103, whereas gp85 of PK19SA01 was more similar to that of American strains. The two isolates contained an intact E element of 147 residues and had a unique 135 bp deletion in the redundant transmembrane of the 3' untranslated region. The U3 region of the two isolates was highly homologous to that of American ALV-J strains. To our knowledge, this is the first report of the isolation, complete genome sequencing, and systematic molecular epidemiological investigation of ALV-J in Pakistan. Our findings could enrich epidemiological data and might contributed to more effective measures to prevent and control avian leukosis in Pakistan.
Keywords: Avian leukosis; Avian leukosis virus subgroup J; Epidemiology; Molecular characterization; Viral isolation.
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