Xiao Wei , Yuhao Shao , Zongxi Han , Junfeng Sun , Shengwang Liu
Vet Microbiol.2020 Aug 28;250:108835.doi: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2020.108835. Online ahead of print.
To develop an alternative vectored vaccine against both Newcastle disease virus (NDV) and infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV), the glycoprotein C (gC) gene was first deleted from an avirulent ILTV. Based on this gC-deleted ILTV mutant, a recombinant ILTV expressing the fusion protein (F) of a genotype VII NDV (designated ILTV-ΔgC-F) was then constructed. Expression of the NDV F protein in ILTV-ΔgC-F-infected LMH cells was examined with an immunofluorescence assay and western blotting. The F gene was stably maintained in the genome of ILTV-ΔgC-F and the F protein was stably expressed. Compared with the parental virus, ILTV-ΔgC-F demonstrated an increased penetration capacity in vitro, and an increased replication rate in vitro and in vivo. Both the parental virus and ILTV-ΔgC-F were avirulent in chickens. Vaccination of specific-pathogen-free chickens with ILTV-ΔgC-F induced ILTV-specific antibodies, detected with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and provided complete clinical protection against virulent ILTV, although viral shedding and replication were detected in the respiratory tract in the early stage of infection in a very small number of birds. Vaccination with ILTV-ΔgC-F also provided significant protection against challenge with a virulent genotype VII NDV, although the level of NDV-specific antibodies detected with an ELISA was low. Notably, the numbers of birds that were positive for the virulent genotype VII NDV and the replication of the challenge virus NDV in selected target tissues were significantly lower in the ILTV-ΔgC-F-vaccinated chickens than in the control birds. Our results indicate that ILTV-ΔgC-F has potential utility as a bivalent candidate vaccine against both infectious laryngotracheitis and Newcastle disease.
Keywords: Bivalent vaccine candidate; Genotype VII; Infectious laryngotracheitis virus; Newcastle disease virus; gC.
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