Meige Ma , Mengmeng Yu , Fangfang Chang , Lixiao Xing , Yuanling Bao , Suyan Wang , Muhammad Farooque , Xinyi Li , Peng Liu , Yuntong Chen , Xiaole Qi , Qing Pan , Li Gao , Kai Li , Changjun Liu , Yanping Zhang , Hongyu Cui , Xiaomei Wang , Yanming Sun , Yulong Gao
Poult Sci.2020 Nov;99(11):5286-5296.doi: 10.1016/j.psj.2020.08.004. Epub 2020 Aug 25.
Avian leukosis virus subgroup J (ALV-J) was first isolated from broiler chickens in China in 1999; subsequently, it was rapidly introduced into layer chickens and Chinese local chickens. Recently, the incidence of ALV-J in broiler and layer chickens has significantly decreased. However, it has caused substantial damage to Chinese local chickens, resulting in immense challenges to their production performance and breeding safety. To systematically analyze the molecular characteristics and the epidemic trend of ALV-J in Chinese local chickens, 260 clinical samples were collected for the period of 2013-2018; 18 ALV-J local chicken isolates were identified by antigen-capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and subgroup A-, B-, and J-specific multiplex PCR. The whole genomic sequences of 18 isolates were amplified with PCR and submitted to GenBank. Approximately, 55.5% (10/18) of the 18 isolates demonstrated a relatively high homology (92.3-95.4%) with 20 ALV-J early-isolated local strains (genome sequences obtained from GenBank) in gp85 genes clustering in a separated branch. The 3' untranslated region (3' UTR) of the 18 isolates showed a 195-210 and 16-28 base pair deletion in the redundant transmembrane region and in direct repeat 1, respectively; 55.5% (10/18) of the 18 isolates retained the 147 residue E element. The U3 gene of 61.1% (11/18) of the 18 isolates shared high identity (94.6-97.3%) with ALV-J early-isolated local strains. These results implied that the gp85 and U3 of ALV-J local chicken isolates have rapidly evolved and formed a unique local chicken branch. In addition, it was determined that the gene deletion in the 3'UTR region currently serves as a unique molecular characteristic of ALV-J in China. Hence, the obtained results built on the existing ALV-J molecular epidemiological data and further elucidated the genetic evolution trend of ALV-J in Chinese local chickens.
Keywords: Chinese local chicken; genetic evolution; molecular characterization; molecular epidemiology; subgroup J avian leukosis virus.
Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier Inc.