Dongfang Wang,Hong Huo,Gebremeskel Mamu Werid,Yassein M Ibrahim,Lijie Tang,Yue Wang,Hongyan Chen
Viruses.2022 May 9;14(5):1008.doi: 10.3390/v14051008.
Duck enteritis virus (DEV) can infect several types of waterfowl can cause high mortality and huge economic losses to the global waterfowl industry. Type I interferons (IFN) are important for host defense against virus infection through induction of antiviral effector molecules. TANK-binding kinase 1 (TBK1) is a key kinase required for the induction of type I IFNs; however, the role of TBK1 on DEV infection remains unclear. Here, we observed that the expression levels of TBK1 and IFN-β were upregulated during DEV infection in vivo and in vitro. Thus, the function of TBK1 on DEV infection was determined. The results showed that overexpression of TBK1 reduced DEV infection and knockdown of TBK1 resulted in the increased of DEV infection. Additionally, TBK1 overexpression upregulated the expression of IFN-β and a few interferon-stimulated genes (ISGs), which thus inhibited the synthesis of DEV glycoprotein B. On the other hand, the TBK1 inhibitor Amlexanox down-regulated the expression levels of IFN-β and IRF3. Interestingly, the expression levels of MAVS and GSK-3β were decreased in the cells treated with Amlexanox. Furthermore, overexpression of TBK1 activated the expression of upstream molecules MAVS and GSK-3β. Whereas, the expression of TBK1, IRF3 and IFN-β was inhibited by the GSK-3β inhibitor SB216763. Our findings suggest that DEV-stimulated TBK1 may be involved in defense against DEV infection.
Keywords: TBK1; antiviral immunity; duck enteritis virus; type I interferon.